Good morning, Ladies and gentlemen. Welcome to Chengdu Research Base of Giant Panda Breeding. You know, The base is the best destination to know the giant pandas. Here we can closely observe pandas ,how they rest, eat and play with each other, also, we can learn how to feed them, even we can watch female pandas nursing their cubs . And more importantly, we can further our understanding of how to protect these beautiful but endangered creatures.
Ladies and gentlemen, now we are at the Adult Panda Enclosure.
Look, there are two giant pandas just coming out from their house. The bigger one is Huanhuan, a male panda. And the smaller one is Xixi, a female panda. Both of them are 4 years old. You know we are very lucky today, because usually at this time they were still in bed.Now they are walking towards the fresh bamboo ,it seems that they are going to have their breakfast.
Now while we watch them eat, let me introduce their eating habit to you.
We all know that giant pandas are famous for their love of bamboo. But do you know how much bamboo a giant panda eats a day? 5kg, 8, 10? Actually, for an adult panda, it eats about 17kg of
bamboo stems a day or 14kg of bamboo leaves, or about 40kg of bamboo shoots. That’s quite a huge amount, right? So giant pandas almost spend 12-16 hours eating bamboo each day.
And now you may ask why they need to eat so much bamboo? That’s because bamboo has very little nutritional value, so pandas must eat a lot to meet their energy needs.Besides, to reduce their energy consumption, pandas spend about 10 hours on sleeping everyday. That’s why the time left for them to play is very little.
Everybody, here comes a confusing question, are giant pandas herbivores? No, there are not
herbivores. Although they depend so much on bamboo and only about 1% of their diet is made up of other foods., Giant pandas are members of the bear family; they have the same digestive structure of carnivores.
In some ways, they are anomalies of evolution. They are descended from meat-loving carnivores. In other words, their digestive tract is built to break down meat and is inadequate to break down bamboo. So pandas can only get small amount of nutrition from bamboo. That’s another reason why giant pandas have to eat lots of bamboo .
The fact is startling, right? Pandas still eat meat occasionally when it’s available. But maybe because bamboo is easy to get year-round so evolution favored pandas that rely on bamboo. For whatever reason, after thousands of years of eating bamboo, they like it more and more, so much so that they prefer it than any other food.
Now, ladies and gentlemen, we have learned why giant pandas need to eat a lot of bamboo every day. Next I am now going to show you how female pandas feed their cubs. Please follow me. We are going to the next site, the giant panda nursing facilities. Thanks
Dujiangyan is located in the west of dujiangyan city, sichuan province, is located in the minjiang river in the west of the chengdu plain. Dujiangyan water conservancy project was built in 256 BC, is so far, all over the world s most long, the only thing left, is characterized by no dam diversion of water conservancy projects. Is a national key cultural relics protection units. Near dujiangyan, beautiful scenery and numerous cultural relics, there are mainly FuLong view, the two Kings temple, peaceful bridge, which, from the pile of park, which mountain park and lingyan temple, etc.
The dujiangyan irrigation project by the creation of yuzui water-dividing dike, fly sand dam spillway, BaoPingKou irrigating gate three main engineering and baizhang dike, herringbone dam and other accessory works. Scientifically solved the automatic water distributary and desilting, control the water flow, flood, eliminates the make western sichuan plain "severe" from the man's "land of abundance". More than two thousand years, has played a flood control and irrigation. By 1998, dujiangyan irrigation area has reached more than 40 counties, irrigated area of 668700 hectares.
Fish mouth is built in jiangxin water dam, the minjiang river surge is divided into outer and neijiang, jiang outside having, jiang baopingkou water diversion irrigation. Fly sand dam up xie hong, desilting and adjust the action of water. BaoPingKou control water flow, the shape of the mouth for such as bottlenecks, therefore calls BaoPingKou. In the river after BaoPingKou into the western sichuan plain irrigation farmland. From the hills hill part of truncation, which is called "from the heap.
Dujiangyan water conservancy project makes full use of local geographical conditions of high northwest, southeast low, according to the mountain rivers in special terrain, water vein, water potential, return pattern, no dam diversion, gravity irrigation, the embankment, water, water, sand, curtains on interdependence, for system, to ensure the water flood control, irrigation, water transportation and social comprehensive benefits into full play. After the completion of dujiangyan, the chengdu plain lies thousands of miles, "province.with from people, do not know famine, when no famine," tianfu ". Culture has a great development of the economy in sichuan province. Its greatest dam was built two thousand years enduring, and it plays a more and more big. Dujiangyan to create, in order to does not destroy the natural resources, make full use of natural resources for human services for the premise, change for profit, make the person, the land, water three highly harmonious and unified.
Dujiangyan project remain, so far still plays a job. With the enlargement of the scope of the development of science and technology and irrigation area, begin from 1936, gradually switch to slurry concrete build by laying bricks or stones pebble technology of ancient project for repair, reinforcement, add some of the water conservancy facilities, the engineering layout and ancient weir are crowded "deep, low weir tao beach", "return pattern, since the", "cutting Angle, every heart is pumping in bay" and other valuable hasn't changed, dujiangyan water conservancy project to become the world's best model of water resource utilization. Water conservancy experts, after carefully watched the whole project design of its height more than the scientific level of marvel. Such as sand weir design is a good use of the theory of swirling flow. The weir, at ordinary times can be irrigated, flooding can drain into the river, but also the role of sand and gravel, sometimes big stones can roll away from the weir. There were no cement, for such a big engineering is use local materials, using bamboo cages packed pebble as weir, expenses in province, effect is remarkable.
Dujiangyan scenic in this area, there are many places of interest, it is an ideal tourist attraction. Dujiangyan one with two Kings temple, FuLong view, peaceful bridge such as places of historic interest.
Two Kings temple is located in minjiang river right bank slopes, the former in dujiangyan, a former memory of the king of shu emperor temple, JiJianWu (A.D. 494-498) when the change of si bing and his son, renamed the "chong DE temple". After the song dynasty (960-1279), emperor bing and his son have been ChiFeng is king, so be called "two Kings temple". Temple in the main sanctuary dedicated has the statue of bing and his son, and treasure water conservancy quotes, poet inscriptions, and so on.
FuLong view the heap of the park. Legend bing water conservancy were here when the surrender dragon, existing triple temple and QianDian are neutral during the eastern han dynasty (25-220 AD) the bing stone carving. Inside and weir work statues of the eastern han dynasty, tang dynasty Jin Xian and princess YuZhen relic - fly Long Ding when qingcheng mountain monastery.
Peaceful Bridges also known as "peaceful bridge", "bridge". Was built in the song dynasty. In dujiangyan, fish mouth, is known as "five Bridges" in ancient China, is the most typical landscape of dujiangyan. Bridge to raft stone retainer, hanging from a thick bamboo cable cross river on board for the deck, on both sides with bamboo rope to bar, total length of about 500 meters. The late Ming dynasty (17th century AD) was destroyed by fire. Now the bridge concrete pile for cable.
Is not only a world-famous dujiangyan water conservancy project in ancient China, is also a famous scenic spot. In 1982, dujiangyan, sichuan qingcheng mountain - dujiangyan scenic area as an important part of it was approved by the state council listed in the first list of state-level scenic spots. On May 8, 20xx, chengdu - dujiangyan qingcheng mountain scenic spots by the national tourism administration approval for the state 5 - tourist scenic spot.
According to the UN convention on the protection of world cultural and natural heritage the second paragraph of article 1 of the regulations on cultural heritage definition: "building: from the historical, artistic or scientific perspective in architecture, distributed evenly, or combined with environment landscape has outstanding universal value of monomer or connection of buildings". Dujiangyan water conservancy engineering with a long history, large-scale, layout reasonable, scientific operation, combination, in harmony with the environment in history and science has outstanding universal value, in 20xx the United Nations conference on the world heritage committee the 24th dujiangyan was identified as the world cultural heritage.
The dujiangyan irrigation project is located in the chengdu plain in sichuan minjiang river on the west side of the western city of dujiangyan, 56 km away from chengdu. Was built in 256 BC, is the warring states period, qin shu satrap bing leads the people to build a large water conservancy projects, up to now still in irrigated farmland, is the well-being of the people of the great water conservancy project. Its is characterized by s long, undammed diversion, is the ancestor of the world water culture. The project is mainly composed of yuzui water-dividing dike, fly sand dam spillway, the three most BaoPingKou inlet and baizhang dike, herringbone dam and other accessory works, scientifically solve the automatic distributary river (the yuzui water-dividing dike allocation water), automatic and sand (second from the yuzui water-dividing dike eight sand), control the water flow (BaoPingKou and fly sand dam), eliminates the floods. The irrigation area of 668700 hectares, 1998 irrigation area has reached more than 40 counties.
Consists of feeding hub, dujiangyan irrigation area water diversion channels at all levels, all kinds of engineering buildings and big small and medium-sized reservoirs and rivers of a large engineering system, carrying out the sichuan basin in the central and western regions 7 cities (ground) 36 counties (city, area) more than 10.03 million acres of farmland irrigation, more than 50 key enterprises of chengdu and urban water supply, and flood control, power generation, and floating water, aquatic products, aquaculture, multiple target integrated services such as fruit, tourism, environmental protection, is irreplaceable in sichuan province, the national economic development and water conservancy infrastructure, the size of its irrigation area in the country.
Dujiangyan is located in minjiang river alluvial plain of the valley into the river, it irrigation sculling county east of chengdu plain, white on the farmland. Original through the topography of steep hills of the upper reaches of minjiang river, once in the chengdu plain, water speed slow down suddenly, thus placing a lot of sediment and rocks deposited then, siltation of the river.
Every rainy season, the minjiang river and other tributaries of the watershed waters often overrun; Rain is insufficient, will cause drought. Long before dujiangyan into 2, three hundred, the ancient shu kingdom cuckoo king for liberal, open a artificial river in the mountain area of minjiang river, minjiang river water into the river, in addition to the damage. ,
Dujiangyan irrigation area is the most economically developed areas in sichuan province, is the heart of politics, economy and culture in sichuan. "The jie people spirit", history is the "land of abundance" reputation. Irrigation area within the natural landscape, cultural landscape, city huacai and urban scenery, colorful, beautiful. Irrigation and water conservancy, dotted, each exhibition charm, each has its own characteristics, pleasing, "people's canal, DongFengQu, sanhe weir, weir, float water"; the black dragon pool, sancha lake, reservoir, lake ripple twinkling; longquan scored, characterized by open, water rises ". Full irrigation area presents the "long walk on the ground, the Milky Way the sky flow; rainbow valley, happiness.to the pinghu" grand picture.
大邑刘氏庄园博物馆(Dayi Liushi Manorial Museum)位于四川省成都市大邑县安仁镇金桂街15号，为中国近现代社会的重要史迹和代表性建筑之一。