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首页 > 教案下载 > 英语教案 > 高中英语教案 > 高三英语教案 > 2020届高三英语重点词汇与短语2

2020届高三英语重点词汇与短语2

发布时间:2020-03-23

高中三年级英语学案
units 5-6 (b3)
【知识网络】
一、重点词汇与短语
 1.advertise vt. & vi.登广告,做广告
 i advertised my car for sale.
 advertise on tv/in a newspaper for sb./sth.
 advertise a meeting, a concert, a job
 2.charge n. vt.主管;充气(电);负责;要价;控告
 how much do you charge for a room with a bath?
 he was charged with bribery.他被控告收取贿赂。
 in charge of负责;in (under) the charge of a person由某人负责;take charge of接管……,担任……;free of charge免费地(的)
 3.blame vt. n.责备,谴责,归咎于;责怪,责任
 blame sb. for sth./blame sth. on sb.责备某人某事
 be to blame for sth.(对某坏事等)负责任。
 they blamed him for the accident.
 =they blamed the accident on him.
 =he was to blame for the accident.
 take the blame for…承担……的责任
 4.accuse vt.控告;谴责
 the police accused him (of theft).
 he was accused of murder.
 she accused him of being late.
6.get across传播;为人理解
 it took me an hour to get my invention across to her.
 the message got across at last.
 7. attach vt.系;贴;附加;认为有(重要性等)
 attach sth. to sth.把某东西系到某东西上
attach yourself to sb./sth.加入;使隶属于
be attach to sb./sth.依恋;留恋
 8. make sense有意义,有道理,讲得通
this sentence doesn?t make sense.
it makes sense to take care of your health.
can you make sense of what this writer is saying?
common sense常识;in a (some) sense在某种意义上
there is no sense in doing sth.(做某事)没道理
9. keep up维持,保持
i hope the weather will keep up.
the noise kept up for all night.
the good news keep our spirit up.
how do you keep this large house?
keep an eye out for sb./sth.留心或注意某人/物
keep a close watch on密切注意
keep away from避开,离开;keep back防止,隐瞒
keep on继续;keep off…离开,使不接近
keep out (of)不进去,置身于……外,从……离开
keep up with跟上,不落后;keep in touch with保持联系
10. beyond ①prep.在……的那边,远于;超过
i can’t see anything beyond the river because of fog.
he is such a naughty boy and is beyond my control.
don’t stay out beyond 10 o’clock at night.
②adv.在更远处;再往后
from the top of the hill you can see a lake beyond.
二、词义辨析
1.each与every
each强调“个体”,every强调“整体”,every只有一个词性,形容词,且every不接of短语,every只作定语,而each作定语,主语,宾语,同位语。如:
each/every pupil was given a pencil.每个学生发一枝铅笔。
each of us has a chinese-english dictionary.
我们每人都有一本汉英词典。
2.spend, cost, pay, charge与offer

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