倒装1． 1． 全部倒装，又称主谓倒装1） 1） 用于由here ,there, now, then 等副词引导的句子。其谓语动词通常不带助动词或情态动词。例如：here comes the bus.there goes the bell.now cones your turn.the delegates had just taken their seats, then came the chairman.主语是人称代词时，不能将动词前移。 here it is.2) 副词 away, down, in, out, up, off等状语放在句首 the door opened. in rushed the crowed. up and up went the prices. down fell the rain. 主语是人称代词时，不能将动词前移。away they go.3) 句子无宾语而主语又较长，须将状语（多为短语）放在句首。 through the window came in gentle breeze. on the top of the hill stands a temple, where the monk once lived.4) 表语位于句首。 at the head was dr. bethune on the horse-back, followed by a donkey loaded with medical supplies. best of all was the christmas pudding. such would be our life in the future. nearby were two canoes, in which the savages had come to the island.5).表示祝愿的句子 long live the people’s republic of china!6）句首为动词-ing或-ed分词，和be连用时 sitting round her were her children. buried in the sands was an ancient village.2.部分倒装，又称主语与助动词或情态动词倒装1） 1） 用于以neither, nor, no more, so开始的简短反应，表示同样的看法。----i don’t care much for sweets.----neither do i.i enjoyed the play and so did my friends.if you don’t go with him, neither will ihe is not a sportsman and he doesn’t like sports. so it is with me注意：下面以 so开始的简短反应，表示对别人所说的情况加以肯定，不必倒装。 1. ---- it’s cold today. ----so it is.（的确如此） 2.----you have a colour tv set. ----so i have.（的确如此）2)虚拟条件句的if 省略时，had, were, should 需与主语倒装 had i been there, i should have spoken to him. were it to snow tomorrow, we would be able to make a snowman in the courtyard. should he come here tomorrow, we’d be happy.