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首页 > 教案下载 > 英语教案 > 高中英语教案 > 高一英语教案 > Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits-vocabulary学案

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits-vocabulary学案

发布时间:2019-07-10

ⅰword study1. diet:(1) n[c].sort of food that is usually eaten by a person, community, etc; limited variety or amount of food that a person is allowed to eat, e.g. for medical reasons or in order to lose weight.日常饮食;规定食谱(如为治疗疾病或减轻体重)e.g. a balanced diet is good for our health. 均衡的饮食对我们的健康有好处。my daughter doesn’t like a rich diet. 我女儿不喜欢油腻的饮食。(2) vi. (be allowed) to eat only some foods or a little food, especially to lose weight.只(准)吃某类食物或少量食物;(尤指为减轻体重)节食e.g.i advise you to diet and take more exercise. 我建议你节食并多锻炼身体。(3)常用短语:be on a diet/go on a diet节食e.g.the doctor said i should be on a diet. 大夫说我应该节食。she decided to go on a low-fat diet from this monday. 她决心从本周一开始进行低脂肪的饮食疗法。(4)辨析:food和diet二者均表示食物; 但food是一般用语,指任何可吃的东西,diet通常指维持健康的特定或定量的饮食;diet是可数名词,food是不可数名词,但在强调种类时为可数名词。e.g.many westerners like chinese food.许多西方人喜欢中国食物。dad didn’t want my little sister to go on a diet though she was very heavy then.爸爸不想让我的小妹妹减肥尽管她那时很胖。构词解析:diet: n 饮食,日常食物 ;dieter: n 接受食物疗法的人;减肥者;dietary: adj 饮食的,规定饮食的practice put the following sentences into chinese.1. she didn’t eat much dinner because she is on a diet now.  ________________________________________________2. the doctor told him to take a fat-free diet  ________________________________________________key for reference1.她这顿饭没吃多少,因为她现在正在节食。2.大夫让他进行无脂饮食疗法。2. fit:(1).adj. in good health, especially because of regular physical exercise; suitable or suited for sb/sth; good enough for sb/sth. 健康的;适宜的;合适的e.g.don’t you feel fit? 你身体状况不好吗?the water isn’t fit to drink.这水不适合喝。(2). vi, vt to be the right size and shape for someone or something; to put a small piece of equipment into a place, or a new part onto a machine, so that it is ready to be used合适;安装e.g.this jacket fits her well.她的夹克非常合身。she fitted a new lamp in her bedroom.她在卧室安装了一盏新灯。(3)常用短语:keep fit 保持健康be fit for.../be fit to do...适合做......e.g. my grandfather keeps fit by taking a walk every day. 我祖父通过每天散步来保持健康。what kind of job is he fit for? 他适合做什么样的工作?(4).词语辨析:fit 和suit①fit作动词时,多指大小、形状合适,吻合;suit多指合乎需要,合(某人)之意,或(衣服、型式等)与......相配。

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