grammar and usage
l to learn the direct and indirect speech and how to change from one to the other
l to identify the differences between direct and in direct speech
l to learn how to use reported speech in statements, questions, and imperative sentences
l to complete the relevant written tasks to reinforce the grammar and usage
l to apply what they learn to practice by fulfilling some written mistakes.
teaching key points & teaching difficulties:
² how to help them understand the changes when changing direct speech into indirect speech
² the usages of persuade and discourage
² how to apply the grammar rules to compete the related exercises correctly
step one: leading-in
t: (greet the class as usual) now boys and girls, please look at the screen. there is a short dialogue. read it carefully and answer the two questions.
‘what are you going to do this summer holiday,’ tom asked ann. ‘i am going to travel to beijing with my parents.’ said ann.
ø what did tom ask ann?
ø what did ann say?
(this step is to attract their attention to direct speech and indirect speech. later collect their answers on screen.)
ü tom asked ann what she was going to that summer holiday.
ü ann said that she was going to travel to beijing with her parents.
t: wonderful! yon can notice that when you answer my questions you have made some changes to the original sentences. in fact your answers are written in reported speech or indirect speech while the original sentences in direct speech.
step two: direct and indirect speech
t: ok. this is what we will talk about today. now please open your text books at page 8. go through the group 1 and 2 to answer the next two questions:
ø what are direct speech and indirect speech?
ø how can we change direct speech into reported speech?