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Men and WomenDifferent

发布时间:2020-01-08

XX-XX学年高一英语必修1(冀教版)素材(含教案和练习) 
unit 3 men and womendifferent roles in society(2)
一. 教学内容:
unit 3  (ii)

语法讲解:
直接引语和间接引语
引述或转述别人的话称为“引语”。直接引用别人的原话,两边用引号标出,叫做直接引语;用自己的语言转述别人的话,不需要引号叫做间接引语,实际上间接引语大都是宾语从句(其中由祈使句转换的间接引语除外,其转换后是不定式)。那么直接引语为陈述句、一般疑问句、特殊疑问句和祈使句,转换为间接引语时,句子的结构、人称、时态、时间状语和地点状语等都要有变化,如何变化呢? 
1. 人称的转变
(1)直接引语中的第一人称,一般转换为第三人称,如:
he said,“i am very sorry.” →he said that he was very sorry.
(2)直接引语中的第二人称,如果原话是针对转述人说的,转换为第一人称,如:
“you should be more careful next time,” my father told me.→
my father told me that i should be more careful the next time.
(3)直接引语中的第二人称,如果原话是针对第三人称说的,转换成第三人称。如:
she said to her son, “i'll check your homework tonight.” →
she said to her son that she would check his homework that night.
(4)人称的转换包括人称代词、物主代词和名词性物主代词等,如:
he asked me, “will you go to the station with me to meet a friend of mine this afternoon?” →
he asked me whether i would go to the station with him to meet a friend of his that afternoon.
总之,人称的转换不是固定的,具体情况,具体对待,要符合逻辑。
2. 时态的转换
直接引语改为间接引语时,主句中的谓语动词如果是过去时,从句(即间接引语部分)的谓语动词在时态方面要作相应的变化,变成过去时范畴的各种时态(实际也是宾语从句的时态要求),变化如下:
直接引语   间接引语  直接引语   间接引语
一般现在时 一般过去时 一般过去时 过去完成时
现在进行时 过去进行时 过去完成时 过去完成时
现在完成时 过去完成时 过去进行时 过去进行时
一般将来时 过去将来时 
例如:
“i am very glad to visit your school”, she said. →
she said she was very glad to visit our school.
tom said, “we are listening to the pop music.” →
tom said that they were listening to the pop music.
mother asked, “have you finished your homework before you watch tv?” →
mother asked me whether i had finished my homework before i watched tv.
he asked the conductor, “where shall i get off to change to a no. 3 bus?” →
he asked the conductor where he would get off to change to a no. 3 bus.
“why did she refuse to go there?” the teacher asked. →
the teacher asked why she had refused to go there.
mother asked me, “had you finished your homework before you watched tv?” →
mother asked me whether i had finished my homework before i watched tv.

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