when you are learning english, you find it not clever to translate an english sentence, word for word, into your own language. take the sentence “how do you do?” for example. if you look up each word in the dictionary, one at a time, what is your translation? it must be a wrong sentence in your own language.
languages don’t just have different sounds, they are different in many ways. it’s important to master the rules for word order in the study of english, too. if the speakers put words in a wrong order , the listener can’t understand the speaker’s sentence easily. sometimes when the order of words in an english sentence is changed, the meaning of the sentence changes. but sometimes the order is changed, the meaning of the sentence doesn’t change between the two pairs of sentences:
“she only likes apples.” “only she likes apples.”
“i have seen the film already.” “i have already seen the film.”
when you are learning english, you must do your best to get the spirit of the language and use it as the english speaker does.
( )1.from the passage we know that when we are learning english.
a. we shouldn’t put every word into our language
b. we should look up every word it the dictionary
c. we need to put every word into our own language
( )2.we can learn from the passage that .
a. if the order of words is different, the meaning of the sentence must be different
b. the order of words can never change the meaning of an english sentence
c. sometimes different order of words has a different meaning
( )3. “she only likes apples.” .
a. is the same as “only she likes apples.”
b. is different from “only she likes apples.”
c. means “she likes fruit except apples.”
( )4. which of the following is true?
a. the order of words can’t be changed
b. we should know the rules for word order when we study english
c. it’s important for us to translate an english sentence word for word
( )5.what’s the meaning of the underlined word “spirit”?
a. 心情 b.本意 c.灵魂