phonetics (10 points)
directions: in each of the following groups of words, there are four underlined letters or letter
combinations marked a,b,c and d. compare the underlined parts and identify the one that is
different from the others in pronunciation. mark your answer by blackening the corresponding
letter on answer sheet i.
1. a. back b. safely c. table d. strange
2. a. rare b. square c. care d. are
3. a. taught b. caught c. laughter d. daughter
4. a. white b. whisper c. whose d. wheel
5. a. kick b. resist c. silver d. april
6. a. anxious b. answer c. angry d. angle
7. a. cover b. crop c. create d. cycle
8. a. dumb b. establish c. debt d. doubtful
9. a. easy b. reply c. simply d. highly
10. a. express b. extra c. expert d. export
ii. vocabulary and structure (40 points)
directions: there are 40 incomplete sentences in this section. for each sentence there are
four choices marked a,b,c and d. choose one answer that best completes the sentence and
blacken the corresponding letter on answer sheet i.
11. it’s the first turning the left after the traffic lights.
a. by b. in c. on d. for
12. of them knew about the plan because it was secret.
a. some b. any c. no one d. none
13. it’s very kind invite me to your birthday party.
a. from you to b. of you to c. by you to d. that you
14. i pulled the handle i could.
a. so hardly as b. as hardly as c. so hard as d. as hard as
15. tom, together with his family, to see us tonight.
a. is coming b. are coming c. comes d. come
16. those books do you want?
a. what are b. which of c. which are d. what
17. last sunday had a picnic in beihai park.
a. john, mary and me b. john, i and maryc. john, mary and i d. i, john and mary
18. the garden requires .
a. watering b. being watered c. to water d. having watered
19. all that can be done .a. have been done b. have done c. has been done d. has done
20. i know nothing about him he is a teacher.
a. besides b. in addition c. except for d. except that
21. you never told us why you were late for the party, ?
a. weren’t you b. didn’t you c. had you d. did you
22. he’s to know the answer.
a. likely b. probable c. maybe d. probably
23. i knew him better, i discovered that my impression had been right.
a. which b. as c. until d. unless
24. the heavy snow could not keep us going out to work.
a. from b. on c. upon d. up25. they found the lecture hard .
25. they found the lecture hard .
a. to be understood b. to understandc. for understanding d. to have been understood
26. i learned how to a bicycle when i was six years old.
a. drive b. ride c. pull d. draw
27. it the village where we spent our holidays last summer.
a. reminds me of b. reminds me toc. remembers me of d. remembers me to
28. all the afternoon he worked in his study with the door .
a. to lock b. locking c. locked d. lock
29. he is so shy that he speaks in the public.
a. often b. frequently c. seldom d. sometimes
30. it isn’t quite that he will he present at the meeting.
a. certain b. sure c. right d. exact
31. he told her nothing, upset her.
a. that b. for which c. about which d. which
32. it’s too expensive for me. i can’t it.
a. spend b. cost c. pay d. afford
33. would you like me the radio a bit?
a. turning down b. to turn down c. turn down d. turned down
34. “i saw mary in the library yesterday?”“you her, she is still in hospital.”
a. mustn’t have seen b. could not seec. can’t have seen d. must not see
35. it was difficult for him to buy good shoes because he had such a big of feet.
a. pair b. size c. couple d. number
36. jack works so hard as he dreams owning his own house soon.
a. to b. with c. of d. on
37. there are about 70 people in the accident.
a. were killed b. who killed c. killing d. killed
38. i suppose i can count you for help in this matter.
a. of b. on c. at d. to
39. watch your step, you might fall into the water.
a. or b. and c. unless d. but
40. hardly his speech when he saw the audience rise as one.
a. had he finished b. did he finishc. he finished d. he had finished
41. the reason i’m writing is to tell you about a party on saturday.
a. because b. why c. for d. as
42. i didn’t know what to do but then an idea suddenly to me.
a. happened b. entered c. occurred d. hit
43. the tailor made him a new .
a. clothes b. wear c. dress d. suit
44. if you want his address, you will have to the number in the book.
a. look into b. look up c. look through d. look after
45. a raincoat with you in case it rains.
a. bring b. fetch c. take d. hold
46. “ lately? i have not seen you for quite some time.”
a. where were you gone b. where did you goc. where were you going d. where have you been
47. such a device he was given proved almost worthless.
a. as b. like c. that d. which
48. the friendship between our two peoples last forever!
a. could b. may c. would d. must
49. my car is not so fashionable as .
a. he’s b. he c. his d. his’
50. linda at the dance tonight, nor will peter.
a. can’t be b. will be c. may not be d. won’t beiii.
cloze (20 points)
directions: for each blank in the following passage, there are four choices marked a, b,c and d.
choose the one that is most suitable and mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter
on answer sheet i.
when i was a boy, children always objected 51 wearing school uniform but teachers were 52 on
it because they said all of us looked 53 . otherwise, they said, children would compete with 54
and the poorer children would be unhappy because people would see how poor they were. in recent
years, however, many schools have 55 the idea of making children wear uniform but funnily enough,
now that children can wear 56 they like, they have adopted a uniform of their own. when some
journalists visited a london school, they found that all the boys and girls were dressed in
jeans (牛仔裤). one girl said she would rather die than wear a coat instead of a jersey (运动套衫)
because 57 wants to look different 58 the other children in the class. parents may not be as happy
about this as children, but they 59 to be, because this new kind of uniform is one that the children
like, not something they have been forced to wear, and it is also 60 cheaper than school uniform
used to be.
51. a. against b. to c. for d. on
52. a. warm b. eager c. keen d. interested
53. a. same b. like c. as d. alike
54. a. each other b. another c. themselves d. others
55. a. waited for b. taken off c. put out d. given up
56. a. that b. which c. what d. as
57. a. anyone b. no one c. none d. someone
58. a. than b. that c. from d. to
59. a. ought b. should c. would d. had
60. a. a lot b. very c. more d. a lot of
iv. reading comprehension (60 points)
directions: there are four reading passages in this part. each passage is followed by five
questions. for each question there are four suggested answers marked a, b, c and d. choose
the best answer and blacken the corresponding letter on anser sheet i.
as you are students of english, it’s very possible that you’ll be interested in england.
that’s where the language was first spoken. but england is often called by other names.
this often confuses people and i wonder if you know what these names mean. so, now i would
like to tell you about this matter of names. i believe that you have heard people use the
names—england, britain or great britain. let’s see what each of these names means.if you
look at a map of europe, you’ll see a group of islands—one larger island off the northwest
coast, one smaller and many tiny ones. these make up what is called the british isles
(不列颠群岛). the largest island of the british isles is britain. it is also called great
britain. the smaller island is ireland (爱尔兰).
britain is divided into three parts: scotland, wales and england. but sometimes the word
“england” is used instead of “britain”. why so?
in ancient times, what is britain now used to be three different countries. people in these
different countries spoke different language. over many years the three countries became one.
england is the largest and richest of the three and it has the most people. so the english
people take it for granted that their own name stands for the whole island.there’s another
thing that confuses people: sometimes you may hear people say “the untied kingdom of great
britain and northern ireland”. that is official name of the country. northern ireland is
only one sixth of the island of ireland. the rest of the island is an independent state,
called the republic of ireland. so we have the names of “england”, “britain”, “great
britain”, and “the united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland”. now do you know
what each of them means?
61. english was first spoken in .
a. britain b. england
c. great britain d. ireland
62. britain is divided into .
a. england, britain, and wales
b. england, scotland, and wales
c. wales, scotland, and great britain
d. great britain, wales, and scotland
63. according to the passage, which of the following statements is true?
a. wales is the richest of the three
b. scotland is the largest of the three
c. sometimes english is used instead of britain
d. britain is the only name of the largest island of british isles
64. the united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland is .
a. part of britain
b. part of british isles
c. the official name of the whole country england
d. the largest country of all mentioned in the passage6
5. which of the following is an independent country?
a. wales b. scotland
c. northern ireland
d. the republic of ireland
every year just after christmas the january sales start. all the shops reduce their prices
and for two weeks, they are full of people looking for bargains. my husband and i do not
normally go to the sales as we don’t like crowds and in any case are short of money as
we have to buy lots of christmas presents.last year, however, i took my husband with me to
the sales at the large shop in the center of london. we both needed some new clothes and
were hoping to find a television set. when we got to station. so i left my husband and
started looking around the shops. unfortunately all the clothes were in very large sizes
and so were not suitable for me. but i did buy a television at a very cheap price, so i
felt quite pleased with myself.when i arrived at the station, my husband was not there.
so i sat down in a nearby cafe to have a cup of tea. i quickly finished my tea when i saw
my husband and went out to meet him. he looked very happy. then i saw he was carrying a
large and heavy cardboard box. “oh, dear!” i thought. yes, we had no new clothes but two
televisions. we shall not be going to the sales again.
66. in january .
a. lots of people goshopping for discount
b. people have a lot of money to spend after christmas
c. all the shops close for a two-week christmas holiday
d. people don’t have enough money to go looking for bargains
67. in this passage, the word “bargain” could best be replaced by “something ”.
a. given to people
b. offered at a reduced price
c. offered, sold or bought which is
d. sold for the purpose of reaching an agreement
68. the husband and wife in the story .
a. wished to buy a tv
b. went to the sales the year before
c. often went to the sales to buy clothes
d. were usually not short of money after christmas
69. the phrase “split up” in the second paragraph means “ ”.
a. break apart
b. cause to break
c. become pieces
d. go indifferent directions
70. after their day’s shopping, they .
a. were happy with their bargains
b. had got everything they wanted
c. got more than they had hoped for
d. had to go back to the sales the next day
some people argue that the pressure on international sportsmen and sportswomen kills the
essence (真谛) of sport —the pursuit of personal excellence. children kick a football
around for fun. when they get older and play for local school teams, they become competitive
but they still enjoy playing. the individual representing his country cannot afford to
think about enjoying himself, he has to think only about winning. he is responsible for
entire nation’s hopes, dreams and reputation.a good example is the football word cup.
football is the world’s most important sport. winning the world cup is perhaps the summit
of international sporting success. mention argentina (阿根廷) to someone and the chances
are that he’ll think of football. in a sense, winning the world cup put argentina on the
map.sports fans and supporters get quite unreasonable about the world cup. people in england
felt that their country was somehow important after they won in 1966. last year thousands
of scots sold their cars, and even their houses, and spent all their money traveling to
argentina, where the finals were played.so, am i arguing that international competition
kills the idea of sport? certainly not! do the argentinian really believe that because
eleven of their men proved the most skillful at football, their nation is in every way
better than all others? not really, but it’s nice to know that you won and that in one
way at least your country is the best.
71. what is the author’s main purpose in the passage?
a. to explain the role of sport
b. to compare scotland with argentina
c. to show that argentina is better than all others
d. to prove that football is the world’s most important sport
72. in the second paragraph, the word “summit” means “ ”.
a. award b. summary
c. highest point d. mountain top
73. according to the passage, argentina is world-famous because of its .
a. obvious position on the map
b. successes in the football world cup
c. excellence at most important sports
d. large number of sports fans and supporters
74. according to the passage, if a sportsman only thinks about winning, he will .
a. fail to succeed b. lose enjoyment
c. be successful d. be unreasonable
75. what is the author’s attitude towards international games?
a. nations that meet on a football field are unlikely to meet on a battlefield
b. nations that win the football world cup are regarded as best in all aspects.
c. nations that win in international games prove the best on the sports field at least.
d. nations that give much attention to international competitions are world-famous in
when the tv viewer turns on his set, what sort of programs does he have to choose from?
you might think there would be more programs devoted to entertainment than to anything else,
but that’s not the case. in most countries, fewer than 20% of broadcasting hours are
devoted to entertainment. u.s. figures are high——34.8%，and the funlovig canadians are
even higher with 44%. except canada and italy, all countries give more broadcasting time
to education than to either information (news, documentaries and so on) or entertainment
programs. of course, few educational broadcasts take place during peak viewing times.
in japan though, more than 60% of broadcasting time is taken up with education of one kind
of another- just another example of the businesslike japanese philosophy. in the u.k.,
the figure is 56.4%. the italians have fewer educational programs than anyone else.
they don’t go in for entertainment either. only about ten percent of viewing time is
devoted to dramas and serials, quiz shows, music, sports, etc. you will find more news
information programs on italian tv than anything else. that’s understandable in a country
experiencing social and political changes. italians rely on tv to tell them what’s going
on ——and events are happening almost too fast to follow. the percentage of time the u.s.
devoted to news and documentary programs is much smaller. after education, most tv time is
given to entertainment. many of these programs are shown around the world.
76. based on this passage, the percentage of tv broadcasting hours devoted to education
is greatest in .
a. japan b. italy c. canada d. the united states
77. more news information programs are broadcast on italian tv than anywhere else because
the italians .
a. are interested in what is happening in the world
b. like to undergo social and political changes
c. prefer to learn news information on tv rather than in newspapers
d. expect tv to tell them the latest news about what is going on in their country
78. so far as the broadcasting hours devoted to entertainment are concerned, .
a. the japanese figure is the highest in the world
b. the u. s. figure is smaller than the u.k. figure
c. the u.k. figure is second to the japanese figure
d. the canadian figure is higher than that of any other country
79. from this passage, we learn that most tv stations in the world devoted more broadcasting
hours to .
a. educational programs
b. entertainment programs
c. news information programs
d. dramas, serials, music, sports and so on
80. in the united states, .
a. tv programs are shown for world audience to watch
b. most of tv broadcasting hours are given to entertainment
c. educational programs are shown during peak viewing times
d. tv broadcasting hours devoted to education are more than those devoted to entertainment
translation (20 points)
directions: there are five sentences in chinese in this part. put them into english.your
translation should be written clearly on answer sheet ii.
v．translation (20 points)
directions: there are five sentences in chinese in this part. put them into english.