Lao She (February 3, 1899 - August 24, 1966), formerly known as Shu Qingchun, another pen name Qing, Hong Lai, non-I, Because Lao She was born in the lunar calendar spring, his parents named for him, "Qingchun", probably contains the celebration of spring, the prospects for the good meaning. After school, his name changed to Shu Sheyu, with "abandon the self", that is, "ecstasy" means. Beijing Manchu is red flag. Chinese modern novelist, writer, language master, folk artist, new China first won the "people artist" title writer. Representative of the "camel Shoko", "four generations", the script "teahouse".
Lao She's life, always forget to work, he is a well-deserved literary and art "model". In 1966, due to the Cultural Revolution in the vicious attacks and persecution, Lao She was forced to desperation contained in Beijing Taiping Lake.
1899 Lao She was born in Beijing. His father was a Manchu army, killed in the Eight-Power Allied forces attacked the city of Beijing in the war. The whole family by the mother for the laundry to do life to live.
1908 Lao She nine years old, was funded into the private school.
In 1913, admitted to the capital of the third middle school (now Beijing three), a few months after the economic difficulties drop out, the same year to obtain public expense of Beijing Normal School.
Graduated in 1918, was appointed to Fang alley primary school as president. Two years later, promoted to the outskirts of the Beijing Normal University Education Bureau, but because it is difficult and education and local old forces to work, and soon took the initiative to resign this well-paid duties, to return to school teaching.
In 1921, in the "overseas new sound" published "her failure" of the vernacular novel, signed to give, it is so far found Lao She's earliest works, only 700 words.
In 1922, the ceremony to join Christianity, after the Nankai Middle School in Tianjin to teach the country, and in Beijing Education Association, Beijing local service group work. During this period, he was keen on the cause of social services, but also in the English night school and Yanjing University tutoring English.
In 1923, in the "Nankai quarterly" published the first short story "little bell".
In 1924, went to the UK, the London University of Asia and Africa College (School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London) lecturer. In the United Kingdom, Lao She had used Colin C. Shu as the English name (should be its Christian name).
In 1926, in the "Novel Monthly" serial series novel "Zhang's philosophy", No. 1 signed "Shu Qingchun", the second period from the "Lao She". After three years to continue to create, published in the UK published a novel three "Zhang's philosophy", "Zhao said", "two horse". The British teaching career makes Lao She a qualified writer.
In the summer of 1929, from the British home, in Singapore for six months, any secondary school teachers.
In 1930, returned to the Ren Qilu University professor, while writing side teaching.
In 1931, married with Ms. Hu Xiaoqing, published the same year, "small slope of the birthday."
In 1932, the creation of "Cat City", and in the "modern" magazine serial. After a few years, Lao She has created a "divorce" and "crescent" in the history of modern literature has an important position in the work.
In 1934, he was a professor of literature at Shandong University.
In 1936, Lao She resigned from the Shandong University professor to concentrate on writing. In September, "Camel Xiangzi" in the "universe wind" serial, 1939 the book by the official book official release.
In 1937, August returned to Qilu University to teach. November went to Wuhan alone.
In 1938, Lao She was elected as executive director of the All-China Arts and Artists Association and director of the General Affairs Department, presided over the daily business, external representatives of the "Association", and overall responsibility for the leadership of the work. In July the same year, with the Association of West moved to Chongqing.
In 1939, Lao She translated the English version of the "Golden Lotus" published in London, translated as The Golden Lotus, this version is more authoritative for the West, "Golden Lotus" translation, has issued four times.
In 1944, the creation and reproduction by the Friends of the printing company published "four generations together" the first volume "apprehension".
In 1946, by the United States Department of State invited to give lectures in the United States a year, the same year published "four generations" second volume "stealing".
In 1949, the literary and art circles of more than thirty friends decided to return home, in October from the United States, arrived in Tianjin in December.
In 1950, the Chinese Folk Literature Research Association was established as vice chairman.
In 1951, was awarded the title of "People's Artist" by the Beijing Municipal People's Government.
In 1953, he was elected vice chairman of the National Federation of Literary and Art Circles.
In 1957, "teahouse" published in the "harvest" the first phase.
In 1966, the Cultural Revolution could not bear humiliation, since Shen in Beijing Taiping Lake.
In 1968, won the Nobel Prize for Literature nomination, and was voted on the first, because Lao She is no longer alive, the promise awarded to Kawabata Yasunari.
In 1978, Lao She was reborn and restored the title of "People's Artist". Tombstone engraved with Lao She's words: "literary and art circles responsible pawn, sleep here."
In 1930, Hu Xiaoqing is studying at Beijing Normal University, the mother afraid of her because of this school and delayed life events. Linguist Mr. Luo Changpei is Hu Xiaoqing brother's friend, one back, he went to Hu to play, Hu mother asked him to help. At this time Lao She just returned from London, and works, so Luo Changpei will introduce to the Lao Lao Lao She, Lao She was informed of the talent and character, Hu mother exceptionally pleased, privately set the dragon by law, and with Luo negotiated a well-planned plan to make Lao She and Hu Qingqing meet.
In the winter of 1930, Lao She returned to Peking. Under the arrangement of Luo, Lao She was everywhere to be friends to eat, and the dinner table always Hu Qingqing. After frequent encounters, Hu and Shu produced the affair. Until the summer of 1931, Hu graduated from the school, the two held a wedding.
After half a month of marriage, Lao She brought his wife to Jinan, continue to teach in the university, Hu Qingqing in a secondary school teaching. The first child was born in Jinan, is a girl, named Shuji. In 1935 the second child, son of Shu B was born in 1937, produced in Chongqing, the third child, second female Shu Li.