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画家达利英文简介

发布时间:2022-04-30

  萨尔瓦多·达利,著名的西班牙加泰罗尼亚画家,因为其超现实主义作品而闻名。下面是第一范文网小编为你整理的画家达利英文简介,希望对你有用!

萨尔瓦多·达利简介

  Salvador Domingo Felipe Jacinto Dali i Domenech, Marqués de Púbol, May 11, 1904 - January 1989. Salvador Domingo Felipe Jacinto Dali i Domenech, Marqués de Púbol, May 11, 1904 - January 1989 23), generally referred to as Salvador Dalí (Salvador Dalí), is a famous Spanish Catalan painter, because of its surrealist works and famous. Dali is an extraordinary talent and imagination of the artist, his works to weird dreamlike image and excellent drawing technology and by the Renaissance master of the painting techniques surprisingly mixed together.

  In 1982 the Spanish king Juan Carlos I sealed him as the Marquis of Pomer, along with Picasso, Matisse was considered the most representative of the twentieth century three painters.

萨尔瓦多·达利人物生平

  Summary of life

  Salvador Dali (Salvador Dali), May 11, 1904 was born in Spain Figueras, died on January 23, 1989. He is a painter with excellent genius and imagination. The subjective world of the dream into an objective and exciting image, he surrealism, the twentieth century art made a serious and serious contribution.

  Salvador Dali was born on May 11, 1904 in a small town in Figueres, Spain, where he spent his childhood. His birth is about 16 miles from France. Dali's father was a notary, and his family was well founded, and he had set up his first art studio at Cadaques, a small fishing village in the sea.

  Salvador Dali's childhood and youth are very active, which is particularly important for his later career; some anecdotes of this period, whether true or not, are the basis of many of his ever-changing images, and he and his parents and The relationship between his wife, Gala, has a decisive effect on the formation of his artistic personality. Dali always loves his childhood scenery around the Great Plains of the city of Figueras and the olive groves with the sparse alpine rocky Catalan coast. These ancient and sad landscapes not only entered the landscape as a background but also as a living presence. In addition to Picasso, Salvador Dali may be the most famous but this is not to say that a highly valued twentieth century painter.

  After growing up, Dali and his wife Gala set up their own family in the nearby Lligat port. Many of his works reflect his love for the port of Spain.

  In 1922 the young Dali came to Madrid to study at the San Fernando Academy of Fine Arts. Here Dali's paintings make him famous. He explored cubism in the paintings and attracted the attention that later became a prominent figure in the Spanish art world, such as Fredrika Galicia Lorca and Peibin Betty Buchner.

  His talent was first discovered by the world in 1925 Barcelona personal works exhibition. At the third Carnegie International Exhibition in Pittsburgh in 1928, he exhibited three works, including "The Basket of Bread", which earned him an international reputation. The following year, Dali held his first solo exhibition in Paris. In the same year, he also joined the surrealist genre led by Andre Breton, a former Dadaist member. That was the year, Dali met Gala at Cadaques, when she happened to visit Dali with her husband, the poet Paul Eluard. Since then, Gala has become Dali's favorite, but also his business manager and the main source of inspiration. Soon, Dali became the leader of the surrealist movement. His work "The eternal memory", depicting a soft watch, is one of the most outstanding surrealist works of the world.

  But with the advent of war, Dali, who had always been indifferent to politics, had clashed with other surrealists and was finally expelled from surrealist groups in a "trial" in 1934. However, in the next ten years or so, he is still able to in the international surrealist show debut.

  In about 1940, Dali formed a new style - this period for his "classic" period - showing its focus on science and religion. During World War II, Dali and Gala fled Europe, spent in the United States from 1940 to 1948 8 years of living time. This time is vital in Daly's life. He is not only rich in artistic activities, but also to restore the Catholic faith.

  In 1941, the Museum of Modern Art in New York held his first large-scale retrospective exhibition for Dali. In the same year, Dali submitted a screenwriter to Jay Carpine called "Moonlight".

  In 1942 Dali also published his own autobiography "Salvador Dali's private life". In a novel published in 1944, he also wrote an article on the trend of the car. From the birth of Edwin Cox's comic "Miami Pioneer".

  As Dali changed from surrealism to his classic period, Dali began to create his 19 large paintings, many of which were scientific, historical and religious. The 19 large paintings have become a series, the most famous of which is "The Hallucinogenic Toreador" "The Discovery of America by Christopher Columbus" and "The Sacrament of the Last Supper".

  Daly's life is full of legend. In addition to his paintings, his essays, eloquence, movements, looks and beard are all to the people who appreciate his left a confusing impression. Dali was young and studied art in Madrid and Barcelona, and had a variety of artistic styles, showing extraordinary skills as painters. However, until the late 20s of the 20th century, only two things to make their style mature. First, he found Freud's important work on the subconscious image of sex; the second is that he made a group of talented Paris surrealists, these artists and writers try to prove that the subconscious is beyond the rational "More significant reality".

  To produce images from the subconscious mind, Dali began to use a self-proclaimed "paranoid critical state" approach, in their own body to induce illusion realm. Dali found this method, the style is very fast and mature, 1929 ~ 1937 made the painting so that he became the world's most famous surrealist artist. In the depiction of his dream, in a strange and unreasonable way, the ordinary image side by side, twisted or deformed. Among the images of these riddles, the most famous is probably the "eternal memory" (1931), with a calm and horrific landscape as a foil, with a soft and easy-to-melting table.

  Dali also works with Spanish film director L. Bunuel to produce two surrealist films, "an Andalus dog" (1928) and the "golden age" (1930), equally full of grotesque but hints Image. In the late 1930s, under the influence of the Renaissance painter Raphael, Dali's painting turned to a more classical style.

  Since then, he has spent a lot of time designing stage sets, trendy store interior decorations as well as jewelery accessories. Between 1950 and 1970 he had many religious themes, but still explored the theme of sex, depicting childhood memories, and let his wife Gala become the central image of these themes. Although these late paintings are skilled, but the objective evaluation is lower than their early works. In the writings of Dali, the most interesting and revealing secret is "the secret life of Salvador Dali" (1942 ~ 1944). Many of his works are full of violence and criticism of traditional social asceticism. Representative of the "memory of the eternal", "shrews and the moon", "the warning of civil war" and so on.

  In 1974, Dali set up the Teatro exhibition hall in Figueres in Spain, and then held a work review exhibition in Paris and London before the end of the 1970s. Since Dali's wife Gala died in 1982, Dali's health is also deteriorating.

  In 1984, he was burned in a fire accident in the Pubol family, making his health worse. During this period, most of Dali's time was in isolation from the situation, began to stay in Pubol, and later moved to the Teatro exhibition near the private apartment. On January 23, 1989, Dali died of heart disease and respiratory complications.

  Event chronology

  May 11, 1904, was born in Philadelphia, Spain.

  In 1914, he went to school in the Philadelphia Catholic school, which had been painted in the genius of painting.

  In 1918, love for color crazy. On May 2, at the local painter's exhibition at the City Theater in Figueras, the exhibition was on display for the first time.

  In 1919, we regularly wrote articles about art and began to contribute to the commentary magazine "Stadium" by Faglas Public High School.

  In 1921, he entered the San Fernando Fine Arts School in Madrid, studying sketches, oil paintings and sculptures.

  In 1922, eight works were exhibited at the Dharma Gallery in Barcelona.

  In 1923, he was arrested for an anarchist thought and was imprisoned in Fig.

  In 1925, for the first time in Barcelona, Dharma Gallery held a solo exhibition, causing the attention of Picasso and Miro.

  In 1926, he visited Picasso in Paris, Picasso was impressed by Dali's work.

  In 1929, the second time to Paris, the purpose is to shoot Bunuel's film "an Andalus dog" and Carla meet love.

  In 1931, for the first time in the Pires Cody Gallery exhibition, and later three consecutive exhibitions twice.

  In 1932, the "memory of the eternal" in the Julian Levy Gallery for the first time to participate in collective exhibition, caused by New York art lovers great curiosity, Dali works in the United States to the beginning of success.

  In 1933, at the Giulian Levy Gallery in New York for the first time exhibited solo exhibitions. December, exhibited at the Catalan Art Gallery in Barcelona.

  In 1934, at the Zwicker Gallery in London, Dali held its first solo exhibition in England. In November, Dali and Gala arrived in New York for the first time.

  In 1935, at the New York Museum of Modern Art entitled "The image of surrealist painting and paranoia" speech.

  In May 1936, surrealism was exhibited at the Rutton Gallery, where Dali was exhibiting with his design "Kant Memorial" and "Stimulating Sexuality".

  In 1937, in order to avoid the war, fled to Italy, living in Edward James home. He and James studied with the Renaissance and Baroque art.

  In January 1938, the "Rainy Day Taxi" was exhibited at the Paris Art Gallery's surrealist show.

  In 1939, again to New York, to participate in March 21 at the opening ceremony of the Julien Levy Gallery works of personal exhibitions.

  In 1940, the Nazi invasion was imminent, Dali again left Europe, first living in the United States, Virginia, Carres Crosby home. Go to California Carmel's Pebble Beach.

  In October 1941, the ballet "maze" premiered at the New York Metropolitan Opera. Opera plays, scenery and costumes are created and designed by Dali.

  In 1942, the New York Museum of Modern Art held a retrospective of the works of Dali and was on display in eight other cities in the United States.

  In 1944, the dramatic works were: "Chonita Café" "Sentimental Discussion" and "Madness Tristan".

  In 1945, Hiroshima's atomic bomb exploded Dali, starting his "nuclear" or "atomic" and other scientific stages.

  In 1946, returned to Europe, ready to settle down in the port of Kotgar, Spain. About 30 miles from his home town of Figueres.

  In 1949, began to be interested in religious themes, but also interested in the theory of harmonious geometric.

  In January 1950, Dali published the "Memorandum" in New York.

  In 1954, successively exhibited exhibitions of important works in Rome, Venice and Milan.

  In February 1960, the "Columbus Discovery Americas" solo exhibition was exhibited in New York.

  In 1961, in Venice premiere "Gala Ballet" Dali design sets, props and clothing. Morris. Beijat Director.

  In 1964, was awarded the Spanish Isabel Grand Cross. May book "A genius diary" published.

  In 1965, the New York Modern Art Gallery exhibited all the important works of Dali to review the exhibition. At this point he began to interest in photography and secondary space art.

  In 1969, "metamorphosis of the lust" published, which is his paranoid critical state approach to reach the climax of the works.

  In 1970, and the Spanish architect Emilio Perez Pinheiro studied the initial plan of the museum in the Faglias Stalley.

  In 1971, the Dali Museum in Cleveland, Ohio, officially opened. Dali's first painting "is (Oui)" published.

  In 1972, New York Nordler Gallery exhibited his photography.

  In March 1974, at the Staudel Museum of Fine Arts in Frankfurt, Germany, a retrospective was held. On September 18th, the Fergusley Dali Museum opened.

  In 1975, Nikon funded the photo exhibition, entitled "Dali, paranoid critical state approach, objective contingency and third space".

  In October 1976, a book "The Alchemy of the Philosopher" was deposited in the National Library of Paris.

  In April 1978, the first super-Cubist works were exhibited at the Ancient Golden Han Museum in New York.

  In 1980, at the London Ted Gallery held Dali major works retrospective.

  In 1982, his wife Kara died. Dali seclusion in En Posada. Some of his own design of the new theme, some of the works from Michelangelo.

  On April 15, 1983, the king and queen of Spain, for the Madrid Museum of Contemporary Art in Madrid, "from 1914 to 1983, 400 pieces of Dali works selected" exhibition cut the ribbon.

  On 27 March 1984, the Gala Salvador Dali Foundation was formally established in Fig.

  In 1986, lingering sick couch and closed door guest, can be close to his only medical team and the closest partner.

  November 1988, the condition deteriorated, was sent to Barcelona Kelon Hospital. In the hospital, the king of Spain personally visit, Dali will give him a poem to him.

  In 1989, a heart attack broke out on Jan. 23 at the Phillips Hospital. His body is preserved with preservatives. Buried in the Dali Museum.

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