tsau pi and tsau jr were sons of tsau tsau. both were very gifted writers, and tsau jr was especially quick-witted.
after tsau tsau's death, tsau pi took over the throne of the kingdom of wei. jealous of tsau jr's literary ability, and afraid that he might cause problems, tsau pi was always looking for a way to kill his brother.
one day, tsau pi called tsau jr into see him.he ordered his brother to make up a poem within the time it took to walk seven steps, adding that if he could not, his life would be in danger.
greatly saddened, tsau jr began to walk and to think. before he had taken the seven steps, he had already finished his poem, the meaning of which was: "brothers are of the same family, so why should the oppress each other?"
tsau jr was very intelligent and loved to study. he wrote many outstanding articles which showed his artistic talent and earned him the admiration of many people. one scholar said of him: "heaven gave the world ten decalitres of talent, and tsau jr alone has eight of them."
li ling was a great general during the time of emperor han wu-di (hàn wǔ dì汉武帝). he was a very good fighter, and he won every battle.
one time, however, li ling's troops were so hopelessly outnumbered by the huns that although they fought bravely, the whole army was soon taken captive.
li ling shamefully surrendered for the moment, planning to wait for an opportunity to strike back.
but when news of the surrender reached the capital, the emperor's jealous ministers began to degrade li ling in front of the emperor.
what he heard made the emperor so angry that he had li ling's wife and mother put to death.
ze-ma chian, who had always respected li ling, believed that he wouldn't surrender without a reason, and urged the emperor not to believe rumors.
this time, the emperor grew angry at sz-ma chian, and locking him up, punished him severely.
sz-ma chian then wrote a long letter to a friend, saying, "i am now in the middle of writing a history book. if i die, it will be as if one ox in a group on nine were to lose a single hair. i am willing to withstand punishment in order to complete this book." sz-ma chian finally did finish his book - the very famous shr-ji.
in ad 383, the king of former qin (秦朝), fu jian (fú jiān 苻坚), led a huge army to attack eastern jin.
after losing the first round of fighting, fu jian looked down from a city wall, and was terrified when he saw the formidable battle array of the eastern jin army.
and then looking at the mountains around, he mistook the grass and trees for enemy soldiers.
as a result, when the nervous fu jian led his army into battle, it suffered a crushing defeat.
Once a man planned to build a terrace.
He worked very hard and spent a lot of time digging and carrying earth.
When the mound was almost completed and only one more basket of earth was needed, the man gave up.
The terrace was never completed.
Wang Xi-zhi is one of the most famous calligraphers during the Eastern Jin Dynasty of China. When he was very young, he practiced his art every day and never stopped.
王羲之是中国东晋时代一个很有名的书法家，他从小就刻苦练字，从不间断。Later he absorbed the strong points of all the other schools of calligraphy, and developed his own unique style of writing. Because of his achievements, he has been honored as one of China's sages of calligraphy.
One time, Wang Xi-zhi sketched in wood for an engraver to cut. Then the engraver found the ink had penetrated one centimeter into the wood.
"Ru Mu San Fen" is got from this story, which means the calligraphy is penetrating.
Now it is often used to describe expressing sharp ideas or profound views.