工作总结 | 工作计划 | 工作报告 | 文秘 | 自我鉴定 | 演讲稿 | 讲话稿 | 合同范文 | 策划书 | 节日庆典 | 礼仪 | 思想汇报 | 入党申请书 | 读后感 | 学生评语
首页 > 试题库 > 外语考试 > 四六级 > 英语四级考试预测试卷(4)

英语四级考试预测试卷(4)

发布时间:2006-05-13

Model Test Four 


试卷一 Paper One


Part ⅠListening Comprehension (20 minutes)

Directions:In this section,you will hear ten short conversations.At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said.Both the conversation and the question will be spoken only once.After each question there will be a pause.During the pause,you must read the four choices marked A),B),C) and D),and decide which is the best answer.Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

Example:You will hear:

You will read:

A)At the office. B)In the waiting room.

C)At the airport. D)In a restaurant.


From the conversation we know that the two were talking about some work they had

to finish in the evening.This is most likely to have taken place at the office.

Therefore,A.At the office is the best answer.You should choose 【A】on the Answe

r Sheet and mark it with a single line through the center.

Sample Answer [A][KG-1*5]—[B][C][D]


1.A)He will return the following week.

B)He will be back immediately after the holiday.

C)He will come back for the holiday.

D)He will begin his vacation next week.


2.A)The speakers are bothered by the smoke.

B)The man complains the smoke in the room.

C)The room is very hot.

D)The woman is bothered by the smoke.


3.A)In the living room. B)In the bedroom.

C)In the garden. D)In the garage.


4.A) $10.00. B)$6.00. C)$20.00. D)$4.00.


5.A)In a mill. B)In a bank. C)In an airport. D)In a post office.


6.A)He was late.

B)He is hoping for a promotion.

C)He is a new employee.

D)The boss usually leaves messages for him.


7.A)The Best of Jazz. B)Christmas Carols.

C)Rock Music Collection. D)Classical Favorites.


8.A)She doesn’t like to go shopping.

B)She went shopping yesterday.

C)She doesn’t live near the shops.

D)She prefers shopping to studying.


9.A)To buy an old car.

B)To buy a new car.

C)To consider carefully before making decision.

D)Not to buy any car.


10.A)At 6:30.B)At 7:00.C)At 7:30.D)At 8:00.


SECTION B


Directions:In this section,you will hear a passage three times.When the passage is read for the first time,you should listen carefully for its general idea.Then listen to the passage again.When the passage is read for the second time,you are required to fill in the blanks numbered from S11 to S17 with the exact words you have just heard.For blanks numbered from S18 to S20 you are required to fill in the missing information.You can either use the exact words.Finally,when the passage is read for the third time,you should check what you have written.


To many people, New York is the United States.It’s the (S11)___ and cultural center of the country.A lot of people have seen (S12)___ of its skyscrapers.There are more skyscrapers in New York than anywhere in the United States.

The Empire State Building is well known (S13)___the world.The city’s theater district.Broadway,is very (S14)___ as well .Thousands of people go there to see the (S15)___.There are (S16)___ plays and musicals .One can always find something (S17)___ to see. Every summer high school students all over the United States tour New York. They can (S18)___ to vistt famous sights,such as the United Nations Building, the Statue of Liberty,the Metropolitan Museum of Art,and the Bronx zoo (S19)___. One can go (S20)___.

 


Part ⅡReading Comprehension (35 minutes)

 

Directions:There are 4 passages in this part.Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements.For each of them there are four choices marked A),B),C), and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.


Passage 1

Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage.

There are people who are especially attracted to the concept of “climbing the ladder” so to increase their status,financial position,and sense of self-worth.In

part,as a result of the work ethic (行为的准绳),these people are internally “driven” to work.Frequently,foreign visitors have observed that Americans spend an excessive amount of time working and as a consequence,Americans have little time for leisure or personal relationships.In American English a new word has been

created to describe people who work compulsively.The word “workaholic”describes

an individual who is as devoted to work as an alcoholic is addicted to liquor.

There are conflicting points of view about workaholics.Those concerned with problems of mental stress believe workaholics abuse themselves physically and mentally.Others hold that workaholics are valuable members of society because they are extremely productive.The American culture values achievement,efficiency,and production—a workaholic upholds these values.

21.This passage mainly discusses____ .

A)the concept of climbing the ladder

B)the importance of self-improvement

C)the problem of workaholic

D)workaholics and the views on them


22.In the United States,there are some people____ .

A)who want very much to have a self-improvement

B)who are absorbed by climbing the ladder

C)who especially like the idea of climbing a ladder

D)who want to get to the top of the society


23.When a visitor comes to the USA.he may____ .

A)find that Americans have a longer work hour

B)find that Americans have a strange work hour

C)have little leisure time

D)find that Americans work very hard


24.The word “workaholic”refers to a person____ .

A)who especially likes alcohol B)who enjoys working

C)who is forced to work by someone else D)who likes to work and to drink liquor

25.The author’s attitude toward “workaholic”people is ____ .

A)positive B)negative C)indifferentD)critical

 

Passage 2

Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage.

In 776 BC,the first Olympic games were held at the foot of Mount Olympus to honor the Greeks’chief god,Zeus.The Greeks emphasized physical fitness and strength in their education of youth.Therefore,contests in running,jumping,discus and javelin throwing,boxing,and horse and chariot racing were held in individual cities.The participants competed every four years at Mount Olympus.The winners were greatly honored by having olive wreaths placed on their heads and having poems sung about their deeds.Originally,these were held as games of friendship,and any wars in progress were stopped to allow the games to take place.

The Greeks attached so much importance to these games that they calculated time

in four-year cycles called“Olympiads” dating from 776 BC.

26.Which of the following is NOT true?

A)The winners placed olive wreaths on their heads.

B)The games were held in Greece every four years.

C)Battles were interrupted to participate in the games.

D)Poems glorified the winners in song.


27.Why were the Olympic Games held?

A)To stop wars.B)To honor Zeus.

C)To crown the best athletes.D)To sing songs about the athletes.


28.Approximately how many years ago did these games originate?

A)776 years.B)1,205 years.C)2,277 years.D) 2,767 years.


29.Which of the following contests was NOT mentioned?

A)Discus throwing. B)Boxing. C)Skating. D)Running.


30.What conclusion can we draw about the ancient Greeks?

A)They like to fight.B)They were very athletic.

C)They liked a lot of ceremonies.

D)They couldn’t count,so they used“Olympiads”for dates.

 


Passage 3

Questions 31 to 36 are based on the following passage.

Except for the Indians, the earliest backpackers in America were frontiersmen

,who roamed the wilderness looking either for necessities such as food and water

or for sources of wealth such as fur and gold.For them backpacking was a way of

survival or a means of achieving what one day would be called the “American Dream”.Today,however,many people enjoy backpacking as a recreational activity.Shouldering a pack and leaving behind the world of telephone,television and traffic promise an exciting experience.Testing one’s stamina (耐力) and skills are challenging a sense of one’s place in the natural world can be rewarding .Moreover,backpacking is an activity that can last any length for time and can be enjoyed alone or with friends.Then too,a backpacking trip may be organized within a day or two.The backpacker and his friends have only to decide on their destination and then organize the all-important kit,whose contents they must depend on throughout their trip.A map,a compass,a flashlight,along with first equipment,food,and extra clothing can be rounded up without much difficulty.Once the backpackers have left word about where they go in a note on the refrigerator door or in a message on an answering machine,they can look forward to an adventure that will lift the spirit and nourish the soul.Their outing will enable them to return in a short time to the age of technology with the courage and independence of Natty Bumppo,who did indeed belong to the age of the frontier.

31.The passage mainly discusses____ .

A)the early backpackers

B)backpacking as a perfect form of recreation

C)how backpacking started

D)why people of today are interested in backpacking


32.The earliest backpackers were ____.

A)frontiersmenB)IndiansC)fur traders D)gold miners

33.Early backpackers who roamed about in wilderness were interested in find

ing____ .

A)means to realize the American dream B)recreation in life

C)relief from the stress of everyday life D)daily necessities


34.One of the advantages of backpacking is that ____.

A)it can help people to establish a link with nature

B)it is a group activity and can cure a person’s loneliness

C)it is not so challenging as other activities

D)it does not require people to decide on a destination


35.According to the passage,Natty Bumppo was____.

A)an American national hero B)a character in a Hemingway novel

C)a man of valorD)an lndian warrior

 


Passage 4

Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage.

The manner in which desert locust plagues develop is very complex.The two most important factors in that development are meteorology and the gregariousness of the insect.Since locusts breed most successfully in wet weather,rain in the semiarid regions inhabited by the desert locust provides ideal breeding conditions for a large increase in population.This increase must be repeated several times in neighboring breeding areas before enough locusts crowd together to form a swarm.As the supply of green,palatable food plants decreases to ward the end of the rainy season,the locusts become even more concentrated.They move on to other warm,damp,verdant places where they settle,feed,and reproduce.As this process is repeated a swarm eventually develops.Plagues are unpredictable and irregular because the meteorological patterns favorable to crowding are themselves irregular.

36.The passage deals primarily with desert locust swarms and their____ .

A)plaguesB)reproductionC)formationD)unpredictability

37.According to the author,which of the following is NOT an important factor in the growth of desert locust swarms?

A)An abundant food supply.

B)Large population increases.

C)Rain in the semiarid regions.

D)The gregarious nature of locusts.


38.According to the passage,a decrease in the number of palatable food plants causes ____ .

A)a decrease in the number of locusts

B)death to the local locust population

C)a heavier concentration of locusts

D)increased breeding of locusts


39.It can be inferred from the passage that in periods of little or no rain the locust population becomes____ .

A)smallerB)denserC)more activeD)more unpredictable


40.The next paragraph would most probably deal with ____.

A)the gregarious nature of locusts

B)rain patterns in the desert

C)the type of food plants preferred by locusts

D)the control of locust plagues

 


Part Ⅲ Vocabulary and Structure (20 minutes)


Directions: There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part.For each sentence there are four choices marked A),B),C) and D).Choose the ONE that best completes the sentences.Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.


41.The less you rely on painkillers now,the better it will be for your health____ .A)in the long run B)on second thought

C)at full speed D)for various reasons


42.Price rises ____ consumer spending.

A)arouse B)avoid C)preserve D)restrain

43.The movie ____ the list of Oscar nominations.

A)wins B)leads C)heads D)beats


44.The next morning I found the shoots____ up straight,not a bit damaged.

A)standing B)having stood C)to stand D)stood


45.He is very____ about his food. 

A)especial B)special C)peculiar D)particular


46.The government has decreed that the gasoline tax ____.

A)is to be abolishedB)should abolish

C)were abolishedD)be abolished


47.Take an umbrella,____ it rains.

A)whileB)by the momentC)the momentD)in case


48.I don’t doubt ____ he’s a brilliant scientist,but can he teach?

A)whyB)thatC)whetherD)if 


49.It was reported that only one passenger was fortunate enough to escape

____ in the plane crash.

A)killingB)being killedC)to be killedD)having killed


50.He was one ____.

A)of the happy child of his class

B)of the happiest child in the class

C)child who was the happiest of all the class

D)of the happiest children in the class


51.They ____the report to the State Council for approval.

A)made B)leave out C)committed D)admitted

52.I ought to have insisted on ____ a thorough rest before you left for New York.A)you to takeB)your takingC)that you takeD)you taking


53.A table made of steel costs more than ____ made of wood.

A)thatB)which C)one D)it is 


54.Now we have got so far with the project,we ____ finish it.

A)can as well B)should as wellC)would as wellD)may as well


55.Their plan is not economically____.

A)efficientB)feasibleC)advisableD)urgent


56.Our teacher’s reading is of very wide____ .

A)extentB)range C)limitD)border


57.I ____ some old photos in the attic.

A)came through B)came to C)came roundD)came across


58.I prefer to put the meeting off____ it without adequate preparations.

A)than holdB)rather than hold

C)than to holdD)rather than to hold


59.It was not ____ midnight that they discovered the children were not in

their beds.

A)beforeB)at C)afterD)until


60.Most doctors recognize that medicine is ____ it is a science.

A)an art as muchB)much an art as C)as an art as muchD)as much

an art as


61.____ your support,we might have succeeded in performing the last.

A)If we haveB)If we would have had C)If we hadD)Had we had


62.Cars moved very slowly in 1920’s,but they____ move more quickly than in 1910.A)were toB)willC)canD)did


63.A____ from every person,no matter how small,will help the Red Cross reach the goal of $100,000.

A)contractB)contribution

C)concentrationD)construction


64.The old gentleman is said ____ a very rich man when he was young.

A)to have beenB)having beenC)to beD)to have being


65.She is ____ moving to the country.

A)thinkingB)expectingC)consideringD)planning


66.The inversion is more typical____ literary style.

A)to B)of C)for D)about


67.After he ____ for half an hour,Professor had a drink of water.

A)lectures B)has lectured

C)had been lecturingD)was lecturing


68.____ children are not admitted to this film.

A)Unattached B)Unattended C)Unrelated D)Unaccompanied


69.If you want____ you have to get the fund somewhere.

A)the job doneB)the job to do

C)the job to have doneD)the job that is done


70.I thought that he had done nothing wrong and had a clear____. 

A)character B)conscience C)spirit D)honor

 

Part Ⅳ Cloze (15 minutes)


Directions: There are 20 blnaks in the following passage.For each b

lank there are four choices marked A),B),C) and D) on the paper.You should choose the one that best fits into the passage.Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.


The fact that blind people can “see” things using other parts of their bodies

____71their eyes may help us to understand our feeling about colour. If they can ____72colour differences then perhaps we,too,are affected by colour unconsciously.Manufacturers have discovered by trial and ____ 73 that sugar ____74 badly in green wrappings,that blue foods,are considered ____ 75 and that cosmetice (化妆品) should never be packaged ____ 76 brown.These discoveries have grown into a whole ____ 77 of colour psychology that now finds application in ____78 from fashion to interior decoration. Some of our ____ 79 are clearly psychological.____ 80 blue is the colour of the night sky and therefore associated ____ 81 passivity and calm,while yellow is a day colour with associations of energy and incentive (刺激). For primitive man,activity during the day meant hunting and attacking,while he soon saw as red,the colour of blood and rage and the heat that came with ____ 82 .And green is associated with passive defence and self-preservation. ____83 have shown that colours,partly because of their physiological associations,also have a direct psychological effect. People ____84 to bright red show____ 85 in heartbeat,and blood pressure;red is exciting.Similar exposure to pure blue has exactly the opposite effect;it is a ____ 86 colour.Because of its exciting connotations(涵义),red was chosen as the ____ 87 for danger,but closer____ 88 shows that a vivid yellow can produce a more basic state of alertness and alarm,so fire engines and ambulances in some advanced communities are now____ 89 around in bright yellow colours that ____ 90 the traffic dead.


71.A)besides B)apart from C)in turn D)including

72.A)separateB)tasteC)sense D)feel

73.A)mistakeB)wrongC)testD)error

74.A)sold B)is soldC)sells D)sells to be 

75.A)displeased B)unpleasant C)unhappy D)joyless

76.A)in B)by C)with D)under

77.A)course B)fiction C)disciplineD)range

78.A)anything B)every thing C)nothing D)everything

79.A)tendencyB)choicesC)favouritesD)preferences

80.A)HeavyB)Black C)Dark D)Deep

81.A)with B)to C)for D)by

82.A)energy B)spirit C)effort D)contributions

83.A)TestsB)ExaminationsC)PracticeD)Experiments

84.A)sacrificedB)revealedC)exposed D)discovered

85.A)a promotion B)an increaseC)a development D)an improvement

86.A)easy B)quietC)dangerousD)calming

87.A)signal B)sign C)symbol D)label

88.A)analyses B)analysisC)analyse D)analytics

89.A)rushing B)pushing C)dashing D)crashing

90.A)cause B)stop C)lead D)make


试卷二 Paper Two

 

Part ⅤWriting (30 minutes)

Directions: For this part,you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the information shown in the following table.Write the conclusions you draw from the figures about the various ways in which people spent their holidays in 1990 as compared with 1995.Attempt to explain the reasons for these differences. Remember to write your composition neatly.

Changes in the Ways People Spent Their Holidays


1990 1995

traveling abroad 12% 24%

going to seaside 38% 31%

camping 10% 36%

staying at home 40% 9%

total 100% 100%

 


答案部分


Part Ⅰ Listening Comprehension

Section A

1.A 2.D 3.C 4.D 5.D

6.A 7.D 8.A 9.B 10.C

Section B

S11.mercial S12.pictures S13.throughout S14.famous S15.shows S16.different S17.interesting S18.take the bus or subway S19.The bus and subway are very convenient S20.almost anywhere on them.

 

Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension

Passage One

【文章大意】文章讲述了美国的工作狂(workaholic)这一现象及其成因。他们痴迷工作是

因为追求上进,实现个人价值。如此着迷工作,连外国人都留下美国人少有时间休闲和处理个人关系的印象,随后作者又讲述了人们对工作狂的不同看法,并说明工作狂支持着美国文化中注重成绩、效率和结果的价值观。


21.D 本文第一段叙述美国人对工作的重视及为什么有些美国人要当工作狂;第二段介绍人们对工作狂的不同看法。显然D项为正确答案。

22.A 答案见原文第一段句首:to increase their status,financial position,and sense of self-worth 与 who want very much to have a self-improvement意义相同。

23.D 原文“…foreign visitors have observed that Americans spend an excessive amount of time working…”与B项“发现美国人工作很刻苦”意义相同。

24.B “workaholics”是被迫所为,但与C项的…by someone else不符。“workaholics”意为“工作狂”,所以B项正确。

25.A 见原文最后一句:美国人重视成就、效率和高产,正是workaholic在维持着

这种价值观。这说明作者对如此醉心于工作是持肯定态度的。


Passage Two

【文章大意】该文简要介绍了奥林匹克运动会的起源和古希腊奥运会的一些情况。比如公元前776年第一届奥运会是为纪念希腊主神宙斯在奥林匹斯山脚举行的希腊人崇尚身体的健美和力量。比赛获胜者不是得到奖牌而是在头上戴橄榄圈并唱颂扬他们的诗歌。比赛是为了友谊,因而正在进行的战争需在奥运会期间停止。


26.A 选项A,取胜者把橄榄枝叶圈戴在自己头上。文中第一段说The winners were greatly honored by having olive wreaths placed on their heads.优胜者得到极大的尊重,人们把橄榄枝编成的环戴在他们头上。having olive wreath placed 不是指他自己戴上,而是由别人给他们戴上。A项与文意不符,是正确答案。B, 这项运动会在希腊每四年举行一次,可以从中找到暗示:The participants competed every four years……,C, 为了参加运动会,战争被中止。文中第一段末尾处有直接说明……war in progress were stopped to allow the games to take place。D.歌颂胜利者的诗被谱成歌曲。文中第一段也有说明:The winners,were greatly honored by ...having poems sung about their deeds.


27.B 文中第一句话说明了本题答案:In 776 BC,the first Olympic games were he

ld...to honor the Greeks’ chief god,Zeus.

28.D 这是一道简单的数学运算题,从公元前776年到现在(2003年)与D答案最为接

近。因此D为正确选项。

29.C 见原文第一段:Therefore,contests in running,jumping,discus and javeli

on throwing,boxing,and horse and chariot racing were held...,可以看出在本题四项

之中,只有C。skating(滑冰)未被包括在内。因此C项是正确答案。

30.B 文中第一段第二句话:The Greeks emphasized physical fitness and streng

th in their education of youth 希腊人在教育青年人时,注重培养他们匀称的体格和

力量。这和他们对宙斯(Zeus)的崇拜合起来成为他们举行运动会的原因。文中第二段

:The Greeks attached so much importance to these games that they calculated tim

e in four-year cycles “Olympaids” dating 776 BC 希腊人非常重视这项运动会,他们

公元前776年算起就把四年一届的奥运会周期称为“Olympaids”。可见希腊人非常热爱运动

。B项与这一说法相同,符合题意为正确答案。A.他们好斗。与文中意思不符,文中说希腊

人是爱好和平的民族,因为橄榄枝叶圈是和平的象征,为了运动会战争都可以让开。C.他们

喜欢众多的礼仪。文中并无说明。D.他们不会算数,因此用“Olympiads”(奥运会四年期)来

计算时间。属无稽之谈,如果不会算数,他们怎么知道两届奥运会的间隔期是四年。


Passage Three

 

【文章大意】文章首先介绍了最早的backpacker是美国印第安人和西部拓疆者,他们back

packing是为了

生存和实现他们的“美国梦”。然后说明今天backpacking已被作为一项娱乐活动,因为它

考验一个人的耐力、技巧、惊险刺激;同时也由于它不受人数、时间限制,易于开展。接着

讲述如何进行这一运动。最后点明它的益处在于使参加者“return to the age of technol

ogy with the courage and independence of Natty Bumppo,who did indeed belong to t

he age of the frontier.”即能让人充满勇气和带有真正西部拓疆者的独立精神。


31.D 本文开头简要介绍 backpacking这种运动的起源。但这不是文中主要讨论的内

容。因为作者接下来重点阐述了backpacking 做为一种现代娱乐活动深受很多人喜爱是因为

它可以考验一个人的耐力和生存技巧,不受时间限制等等。可以看出,文中讨论的重点是backpacking作为一种现代娱乐活动为什么会深受许多人喜爱。D.答案与此意相同,说明了文章的中心议题,是正确答案。


32.B 见原文开头:Except for the Indians,the earliest backpackers in Ameri

ca were frontiersmen…除了 Indians(印第安人),frontiersmen (未开发的边疆居民)是美

国最早的backpackers这说明Indians才是美国最早的backpackers,因此B项是正确选项。

33.D 见原文开头……the earliest backpackers……,who roamed the wilderness looking either for necessities such as food and water or for sources of wealth such as fur and god……最早的backpackers……,游荡在原野里,寻找诸如水和食物这样的生存必需品或者象毛皮和黄金之类的财源。因此说早期的backpackers最需要最感兴趣的是生活的必需品,因为生存是第一需要,而他们生存的依靠就是在漫游中不断地寻找生存的基本需要。D项与此意相符,是正确答案。A.实现“美国梦”的途径,文中说:For them (early backpackers) backpacking was...a means of achieving what one day would be called“the American Dream”注意文中用的过去将来时态,也就是说“American Dream” 这个概念早期的 backpackers 还没有,是在他们以后的人发明的。因此,此说法与文意不符。B.生活中的娱乐。文中说:For them (ealy backpackers) backpacking was a way of survival 对于早期的backpackers来说,背着背包漫游是他们生存的手段。因此不能说他们是为了寻找生活中的乐趣。另外,后文也提到:Today,however,many people enjoy backpacking as a recreational activity,这说明,把背看背包漫游当作一种娱乐活动是现代人的事。C.从紧张的生活中解脱。文中说明,这是早期的backpackers的一种生存方式,也就是他们的生存活动,因而不能说是他们生活中紧张的解脱。

34.A A.它(backpacking)可以帮助人们与自然建立一种联系。文中说:shouldering

a pack and leaving behind the world of telephone,television and traffic promise an exciting experience.Testing one’s stamina and skill is challenging a sense of one’s place in the natural world can be rewarding 挎上背包,把由电话,电视和交通构成的世界抛诸身后,你将有一次激动人心的经历,做为回报,你将通过挑战人在自然界的位置来检验自身的耐力和技巧。这说明在这项活动中,人是融于自然的,它在人和自然之间建立了一种直接的联系,这也正是这项活动的好处所在。因此A.答案是正确的。B.它是一种群体活动,可以治疗一个人的孤独感;C.它不像其它活动一样富有挑战性;D.它不要求人们决定自己的目标。均非文中讨论的内容。

35.C 见原文最后一句:Their outing will enable them to return in a short time to the age of technology with the courage and independence of Natty Bumppo,who did indeed belong to the age of frontier.短暂的出游活动可以使他们很快回到Natty Buppo (生活)的技术与勇气和与之相结合的时代,他实实在在是属于边疆时代的人。C.一个勇敢的人,符合文中的叙述,是正确的答案。A.一个美国民族英雄;B.海明威小说中的主人公;D.一名印第安士兵。文中均未提到。


Passage Four

【文章大意】本文讲述了沙漠蝗灾是如何形成的,而最重要的两个因素就是气象条件 (meteorology)和群集性(gregariousness)。文中最后讲到蝗灾是不规则和不可测的,因为对群集有利的气候条件本身就是不规则的。全文按总分总结构成文,层次分明、清晰。


36.C 通读全文,可以看出,本文重点描述的不是蝗虫集结成群带来的后果(plague)

,因此,A被排除。蝗虫的再繁殖(reproduction)与蝗虫灾害的不可预见性(unpredictability)只是作者所涉及到的两个细节,显然不能作为该短文的主题。本文作者着重描述了蝗灾的形成过程,因此C项为正确答案。

37.A 半干旱地区的降雨(rain in the semiarid regions)为蝗虫的大量繁殖提供了必要的条件:蝗虫数量的增加(population increases)为蝗虫的大量集结提供了前提条件,蝗虫喜群居(the gregarious nature)是蝗虫大量集结的基本条件。这三点对蝗虫大量集结非常重要,因此B.C.D项与题意不符。A.丰富的食源(abundant food supply),不能成为蝗虫集结的必要条件,因为蝗虫只有在感到食源不足时才集结迁移。故A项符合题意,为正确答案。

38.C 见原文“ As the supply of ...palatable food plants decreases toward

the end of the rainy season,the locusts become even more concentrated.”


39.A 原文中说:“Locusts breed most successfully in wet weather.”可以推出

干旱的地方蝗虫数量肯定更少。因此A项符合题意。

40.D 本段讨论的重点是蝗灾的形成原因,据此可以推知本文的主题应是与蝗灾有关

的话题。根据文章结构安排应遵循向高潮推进的顺序(dramatic order)这一原则,下一段

讨论的内容应是如何控制蝗灾。故此D项为正确答案。

 

Part Ⅲ Vocabulary and structure

41.A 译文:你现在对止痛药的依赖越少,从长远来看,对你的身体健康越有益。

解析:A.in the long run 从长远的观点来看;B.on second thought 进一步考虑后;C.at full speed 以全速;D.for various reasons 以各种不同的原因,均与题意不符。


42.D 译文:价格上涨抑制了消费者消费。解析:A.arouse 引起,激起,用于此处,则语义不通。B.avoid 避免,躲避;C.preserve 保护、维护;D.restrain 抑制、制止。根据题意,本题的正确答案是D。

43.C 译文:这部影片列奥斯卡奖提名首位。

解析:heads 位于…前头。head the list意为“位居名单的首位”。A.wins赢得……,用于此处与原句表达意义不符。B.lead 指挥,引导;D.beats 打击,战胜;均与list搭配不当。

44.A 译文:第二天早上,我发现这些嫩芽竖直向上,没有受到一点儿损伤。

解析:standing up 竖立,向上直立。“find+动词现在分词形式”表示发现正在进行或发生的动作,与题意相符。find一般不接to do 或 having done作宾补。“find+done”则含有被动意味。

45.D 译文:他对于食物讲究。

解析:be particular about 对……过于讲究,挑剔。其它各项搭配均无此意。

46.D 译文:政府已下令废除燃气税。

解析:deree后边由that引导的宾语从句用虚拟语气,“(should)+动词。宾语从句中主语 gasoline tax 和“废除”应是被动关系,故应用动词的被动语态。据以上分析,D.符合要求是正确答案。

47.D 译文:带一把伞,以防下雨。

解析:A.while 当……的时候,与句意不符,不能选。B.by the moment 通常无此搭配,不能用。C.the moment 一……就,用以引起时间状语从句。e.g The moment I saw him I know that there was no hope.一看见他我就明白没希望了,用于此处句子意思不通。D.in case 以防,万一……,用以引起条件状语从句,用于此处,句意通顺,故为正确答案。

48.B 译文:我不怀疑他是个卓越的科学家,但是他教书行吗?

解析:在have (there is) no doubt后常跟that引导的从句。在肯定句中,doubt后面有时可跟 whether引起的从句。e.g There is some doubt whether John will come on time.但在否定句中,不能用whether引起的从句。据此判断 B 项为正确答案。

49.B 译文:据报道只有一名旅客在那次飞机失事中幸免遇难。

解析:escape后跟动名词作宾语不能跟动词不定式。据此C项被排除。kill应用被动语态,因为旅客与kill的关系是被动的,这样只有B项 (being killed 动名词的被动语态)符合要求,为正确答案。

50.D 译文:他是这个班上最幸福的孩子之一。解析:A. of the happy child of class 既然是其中一个,child应用其复数形式。B. of the happiest child in the class 与 A项犯同样的错误。C.child who was the happiest of all the class 既然是确定的对象,child前就不能用one来修饰。D. of the happiest children in the class 结构正确符合题意,为正确答案。

51.C 译文:他们把这个报告提交给国务院批准。解析:A.made 制,做。B.leave

out 省去

,略去。C.mitted 把……提交给,commit…to…把……提交给……。D.admitted 接纳

,纳容。均不合题意。结合上下文题意,C为正确答案。

52.B 译文:我该坚持让你去美国之前做一次彻底检查的。解析:insist on...坚

持……,

后动名词作宾语,据此A.C被排除。动名词的逻辑主语应用形容词性物主代词;不能用人称

代词或其宾格形式引出。因此,只有B答案符合要求。

53.C 译文:钢制的桌子比用木头制的桌子价格贵些。解析:B.which 不能用于此

处,因为

不是定语从句。D.it is 用于此处,结构错误。one和that都可以用来代替前边出现过的名

词,但如果名词是单数可数名词。则用 (the) one 代替,据此C为最佳答案。

54.D 译文:既然这项工程我们已经进行了这么多,我们还是把它完成的好。解析

:may as well还是……的好,固定搭配,其它各项均无此意思。

55.B 译文:从经济的角度来看,他们的计划是不可行的。

解析:A.efficient 有效的,效率高的。指具体的行动或方法产生预期的效果而不浪费时间,精力等。计划只是一个笼统的概念,故不能用efficient来描述。C.advisable明智的,合理的,用来描述具体的作法,行动或想法等。e.g Is it advisable to stay here?留在这里合适吗?plan不是具体的行动,故不能用advisable来修饰。D.urgent紧急的,紧迫的,用于此处语义不通顺。B.feasible可行的,行得通的。经常用来表述计划或一系列措施的可行性。用于此处恰当,故B是正确答案。

56.B 译文:我们老师的阅读范围非常广泛。解析:A.extent 长度,范围,大小。指一块土地的面积大小的范围。B.range范围,领域。既可以指一块土地,又可以用来指抽象的“领域,范围”。C.limit 限度,界线,一般不用 wide 修饰,因为 limit 本身含有“被束缚,被限制的范围”的意思。D.border边界,界线,多用于指国与国之间的边界或边境地区。综上分析,可以看出只有B答案适合用于此处。

57.D 译文:我在屋顶阁楼上意外发现几张旧照片。解析:A.e through 接通(

电话)。B.

come to 苏醒,涉及;C.e round 来,到来,恢复健康。以上三项均与题意无关。D.

e across 碰到,意外遇见。符合题意,因此D是正确答案。

58.B 译文:我宁可推迟开会也不愿开准备不充分的会。解析:prefer后接两个不

定式相比较时,只能用rather than, rather than 后跟不带to的不定式。故此B项正确。

59.D 译文:直到午夜,他们才发现孩子不在床上。解析:not...until...直到…

才…,固定句式。

60.D 译文:大多数医生都承认医学既是一门科学,也是一门艺术。

解析:as much...as ..

.是固定结构,意为“……程度一样”。又如:This is as much our responsibility as y

 

ours.这既是你们的责任,也是我们的责任。

61.D 译文:如果有你的支持,我们的最后演出就会取得成功。

解析:从结构上判断,此题

属虚拟语气,叙述上事实情况相反。主句用might+have done ,从句要用过去完成体。D.Had we had = If we had had ,结构正确,是正确答案。A.C属时态不正确。B.If I would ha

ve had,不符合虚拟语气从句结构要求。

62.D 译文:二十世纪二十年代的汽车跑得很慢,但它确实比1910年的汽车跑得要快。

解析:此处用did表示强调。

63.B 译文:每个人的捐赠,无论其多么微不足道,都将有助于红十字会达到10万美

元的目标。解析:B.contribution贡献,捐献。符合题意是正确答案。A.contract 协议

;C.concentration集中;D.construction 建设。都与题意无关。

64.A 译文:据说这老人年轻时非常富有。解析:A.to have been,be said后可跟

带to 的动词不定式,动词不定式的完成体表示过去,符合题意,结构正确,是正确答案。B.having been,be said 后不能跟分词结构。C.to be 动词不定式一般表示事情还未发生,不符合题意。D.to have being结构错误。

65.C 译文:她正考虑迁到乡下去。

解析:C.considering考虑,其后可跟动名词作宾语,不能用动词不定式,符合题目结构要求,搭配正确。A.thinking 想,思索,后可接宾语从句或动词不定式做宾语,但不能跟动名词作宾语。B.expecting期待,不能跟动名词做宾语。D.planning计划,不能跟动名词作宾语。

66.B 译文:倒装在书面文体中更具有典型性。

解析:be typical of 属习惯搭配,其他各项无此用法。

67.C 译文:教授一直不停地讲了了半个小时课后,喝了一杯水。

解析:C.had been lecturin

g过去完成进行体表示过去某一段时间一直进行的动作,符合题意,是正确答案。其它各项时态均不正确。

68.D 译文:孩子无人陪伴不得看这部电影。

解析:D.unaccompanied 无人陪伴的,符合题

意,是正确答案。A.unattached 无联系的,无关系的,本题没有指明联系的对象,故不能

用。C.unrelated无关的,意思与原文不符。B.unattended无人照料的,强调“无人关心”

,与题意不符。

69.A 译文:你若想把这件工作做好,就必须筹备好资金。

解析:A.the job done,want sth d

one 想办妥某事,过去分词做宾语补足语。语法结构正确,符合题意,是正确答案。B.the

job to do, C. the job to have done与 want搭配不正确。want sb.to do sth 想让某人

做某事。D.the job that is done, 不符合题的意思。

70.B 译文:我认为他并没有做错什么,他是问心无愧的。

解析:have a clear consci

ence问心无愧,符合题意。因此B项是正确答案。其它各项均无此意。

 

Part Ⅳ Shortanswer Questions

71.B 解析:根据语义线索及语法线索,即盲人除了眼睛之外,可以用身体其他部分

“看”东西,这里的“除了”应是减去,故只可用B,A“除了”是加上的概念。


72.C 解析:根据语义搭配,这里只有C,“意识到”正确。

73.D 解析:trial and error 是固定搭配,意为“反复试验”。

74.C 解析:sells在此为不及物动词,为“销售”之意,e.g The dictionary sells

for 15 yuan.

75.B 解析:“令人不愉快的”,A.“不高兴的”,C.“不幸福的”,D.“不快乐的

”。此处只有B.合题意。A.C.D均形容人的行为。

76.A 当表示所用的材料,原料时用 in ,意思是“用以”,即化妆品决不应用棕色

材料包装。

77.C 解析:根据语义只有C正确。语义为:这些发现已形成了一整套心理学原则。

78.D 解析:从上下文的意思可知这里表示肯定的意思。

79.D 解析:这句话的意思是:我们的部分喜好明显是心理上的。


80.C 解析:因为所指的是夜晚天空的颜色,应该为“暗蓝”。

81.A 解析:associated with为固定用法,意为“与……相联”。

82.A 解析:随运动而产生的热量。

83.D 解析:experiments 表一般性的“试验,实验”。A.tests表示对物质的性质,

效能等

的“试验”,B.examinations表示“检查,考试”。C.practice是“实践,练习”之意。根

据题意应该用D。

84.C 解析:exposed“暴露,无掩蔽”,exposed to sth“暴露于……”固定用法。

B.reve

aled “展现,露出”,A.sacrificed“牺牲,献出”。D.discovered“发现”。

85.B 解析:这句话的意思为:暴露于鲜红色的人在心跳、血压方面均显示上升趋势

。A.pro

motion“促进,提职”,C.development“发展”,D.improvement“改进”,这里只有D.in

crease“增加,上升”符合题意。

86.D 译文:纯蓝色是一种令人平静的颜色。

解析:A,C 不符题意。B.quiet“寂静的,静止的,安静不出声的”同样不合题意。

87.A 译文:红色被选作危险的信号。

解析:signal“信号,暗号”符合题意。B.“符号

,记号”,C.“象征,符号”,D.“标签,标记”均与题意不符。

88.B 解析:根据语法线索。A.为复数形式。C.为动词形式,均不符合题意。D.“分析学”不符合上下语义。B.“分析”与谓语动词在数上一致。

89.A 解析:四个选项的意思分别为:A.“冲,奔,闯”,B.“推”,C.“冲撞”,D.“碰撞”。根据上下文语义,这句话的意思为:因此,在一些发达的地区,四处奔跑的消防车和救护车都是鲜艳夺目的黄色。四个选项只有A符合题意。

90.B 解析:根据上下文的语义,A.C均不符合。这里的意思是,四处奔跑的消防车和救护车都是鲜艳夺目的黄颜色,这种颜色能突然拦住其他车辆而优先通行。这里“dead”是“突然地”的意思。

 

Part Ⅴ Writing

Changes in the Ways People Spent Their Holidays

The ways people spent their holidays have changed greatly. In 1990,40% of people spent their holidays at home,the figure dropping to 9% in 1995. It seemed that people were becoming more and more mobile,and they wanted to explore entertainment in the outside world.

The seaside still had its attraction to people.The rate dropped slightly from 38% in 1990 to 31% in 1995.But there might be a further decrease in the future because of the pollution.

The table shows that a great number of people spent their holidays travelling abroad.The rate in 1995 doubled as compared with 1990.With the increase of income,more and more people could afford and would go abroad to spend their holidays.

The table also shows another tendency:the rate of camping was rising from 10% in

1990 to 36% in 1995. The reason may be that the real beauty of nature is being

rediscovered,and people are getting more and more eager to return to nature.