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八大句型提高考研英语作文分数

发布时间:2020-03-27

  考研英语写作高分黄金原则就是:不走寻常路。写作模板,固定句型铺天盖地,人人都用,你又怎能闪亮。怎样在统一的模式中脱颖而出?词汇多变,句型丰富是重点,前者比较容易做到,后者需要扎实的语法基础。

  1. 主动句变被动句

  “英文多被动,汉语多主动”,还需要警惕名词与动词之间暗含的“主被动”关系。

  Eg1: It is said that …据说/相传

  Eg2:I suggest that … It is suggested that …

  Eg3:Effective measures should be taken before things get worse.表建议

  Eg4: your prompt attention to my enquiry would be highly appreciated. 表感激

  Eg5:Students should study hard.

  Students are expected / well-advised to study hard.

  2. 简单句变从句

  名词性从句,含主语从句、宾语从句、表语从句和同位语从句四种;定语从句;状语从句

  A. 主语从句:

  Eg1:What worries many parents is that Internet or computer games may impact kids’ study.

  Eg2:It is said that an emperor of ancient China discovered Tea 5,000 years ago. (it为形式主语;that从句为真正主语)

  B.宾语从句:

  Eg1:Many Americans live on credit, and their quality of life is measured by how much they can borrow, not by how much they can earn.

  Eg2: I am convinced that it is of great necessity for youngsters to study hard.

  Eg3:明智的人不为别人的想法所影响。The sensible man is not influenced by what other people think.

  C. 表语从句:

  Eg1:That is why China is called the “Kingdom of Bicycles”.

  Eg3:In team games, practice is what improves our sense of cooperation.

  D. 同位语从句

  Eg1:(Martin Luther King) I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed: "We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal." (该句中a dream = that 从句,)

  Eg2:Others hold the different idea that online shopping brings us some problems.

  E. 含同位语句式

  A.人 身份

  Eg. I am convinced that …

  As a college student, I am convinced that …

  I, as a college student, am convinced that …

  B. 物 性质

  Eg. A strong will brings us power …

  As a vital quality, a strong will brings us power…

  A strong will, as a vital quality, brings us power…

  插入语

  Eg1:As I see, the causes of this phenomenon are diverse.

  The causes of this phenomenon, as I see, are diverse.

  Eg2:All of a sudden, the silence of the lake was broken by a scream.

  The silence of the lake, all of a sudden, was broken by a scream.

  Eg3:Even so, others hold a different view.

  Others, even so, hold a different view.

  Eg4:Like anything else, automobiles have more than one side. (汽车跟很多其他事物一样,具有两面性)

  Automobiles, like anything else, have more than one side.

  F. 定语从句:

  步骤:1)先写出正确简单句,确定被修饰成分(中心名词)

  2)在中心名词后加入定从,关系词who, whose, whom, where, which, when

  Eg1:Taobao is a particularly popular website. ? Taobao is a particularly popular website, where/in which customers can purchase various goods.

  Eg2:I will advice my foreign friend to visit Great Wall, where he or she can acquire knowledge of Chinese history.?

  3. it 句式

  A. 形式主语 it is +被动/形容词/名词+that从句/to do …

  Eg1:It is suggested/ well-advised / supposed / proposed that sb. should (not) do …

  Eg2:It is essential / necessary / advisable / convenient/ difficult/ hard/ comfortable for sb. (not) to do

  Eg3:It is essential / necessary that sb. should (not) do …

  Eg4:It is useless/useful doing sth.

  B. 形式宾语

  Eg1:An increasing number of students find it difficult to spell common words correctly.

  Eg2:An increasing number of parents find it hard to have opportunities to chat with kids, who spend too much time on computers.

  Eg3:A host of youngsters find it rather boring and hard to understand literature.

  4. 强调句

  A. 强调谓语:

  Eg1:I love you. /I do love you. / I did love you.

  Eg2:Cell phone/ Internet/ computer brings us convenience.

  Cell phone/ Internet/ computer does bring us convenience.

  B. 强调句式:It is/was +被强调成分+that/who+句子其他成分。

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